Cellular networks lose their charm as walled gardens. While 5G maintains, mobile operators have a lot to gain, but they will also lose the tight control they maintained over closed, specially designed systems from before 5G, Nokia CEO Rajeev Suri wrote in a blog. His position time could not be more suspicious or seemingly opportunistic after the company's latest quarterly results, which were marked by a reduced outlook for the rest of the year and 2020. Nevertheless, geopolitics and security were a tempting card for sales people to play when the US government and some of its allies are at war with Chinese suppliers who are considered a threat to national security. 5G represents a billion dollars of opportunities for new networks and services, "but only if these networks and services are completely waterproof," Suri wrote. "5G is worth it only when it starts and ends with confidence. It is not about political issues or differences between countries. " US campaign against Chinese suppliers Although he based his views on the advantages of trust and security, it has not yet been told which suppliers should not be trusted and how much leverage the US government is pushing for domestic operators - and from outside the country - to work only with "trusted suppliers" on 5G. In other words, you don't trust or use Huawei industry leader equipment? FCC chairman Ajit Pai raised this issue and security concerns that fuel it last week during the stage interview at MWC Los Angeles 2019. "This is not an area where we can afford the risk and hope for the best." He said. "There are bigger problems at stake, but at least from our perspective, we want to make sure that we're doing everything we can to keep these networks secure from a national perspective. Pai noted that he was proud "that here in the United States we are introducing 5G only with trusted suppliers. Sometimes talking abroad and maybe here in the United States even presents a false dichotomy: either you must choose security, or you must choose leadership in 5G. "5G's previous experience in US carriers, working with current suppliers such as Nokia, Ericsson, and Samsung proves that this is not the case, he argued. "We think we can hit this sweetest place in both security and implementation." Many government agencies and FCC coordinate activities on many fronts to paralyze Huawei and other Chinese suppliers. This week, Pai announced that FCC will soon vote on banning carriers from using Universal Service Fund (USF) funds to buy equipment or services from companies that pose a threat to national security, including Huawei and ZTE. "It is worrying that hostile foreign entities could use hidden backdoors to our networks to spy on us, rob us, harm us with malware and viruses, or otherwise use our networks," Pai explained. What's more, because some US rural operators who receive USF funding have already installed Chinese equipment, Pai also proposed a study to determine how much equipment from Huawei and ZTE is active on these networks. He also promised to initiate the process of removing and replacing this equipment. "We will seek public opinion on how big this rip and replace program should be and how best to finance it," he wrote. Steven Berry, CEO at the Competitive Carriers Association (CCA), which represents operators from rural and regional areas, said: "CCA members care very much about the safety of their clients, their network and the country." He added that the organization praises Pai for leadership of this problem and we are waiting for more details. This growing background puts Nokia, at least on the surface, in a competitive advantage over Huawei, which the US government and allies have repeatedly accused of espionage, software security vulnerabilities, sanctions violations, intellectual property theft and a threat to national security. Huawei has severely denied all these claims and filed a lawsuit against the US government in March to challenge the widening ban on its equipment. 5G complexity requires more security "5G networks are complex," Suri wrote. "They consist of many layers of equipment, processes and services, from data center processors and cloud management stacks to operational center software. Each of these layers is (at least partly) "open" - enabling a new level of interoperability between and between different partners or suppliers. " He argued that this diverse basis requires a more onerous but also flexible approach to security. He explains to Nokia that Nokia is trying to increase security through scalability, sophistication and speed.
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